As proper nourishment is a growing concern with increasing world
populations, sustainable sources of nutritional value are needed. Due to
the diverse nutritional components algae can produce and concentrate,
along with their simple and rapid growth characteristics, these
autotrophic organisms are exceedingly desired for us in nutraceuticals
and nutritional supplements. Many types of algae have documented health
benefits from strengthening the immune system to fighting cancer and
heart disease. Information presented in this article was mined from
quality, peer reviewed published literature, technical reports and books.
The review evaluates the use of Chlorella, Dunaliella, Haematococcus,
Aphanizomenon flos-aquae and Spirulina as nutraceuticals
and nutritional supplements, in terms of production, nutritional
components and documented health benefits.